Microbiome in Gastrointestinal & Liver
Microbiome is a term that describes the genome of all the microorganisms, symbiotic and pathogenic, living in and on all vertebrates. The gut microbiome is encompassed of the collective genome of microbes inhabiting the gut including bacteria, archaea, viruses, and fungi.
Human gastrointestinal microbiota, also recognized as gut flora or gut microbiota, are the microorganisms (commonly bacteria and archaea), that live in the digestive tracts of humans. Many non-human animals, counting insects, are hosts to numerous microorganisms that exist in the gastrointestinal tract as well.
Studies and statistical analyses have identified the different bacterial genera in gut microbiota and their associations with nutrient intake. Gut microflora is mainly composed of three enterotypes: